The Indian Journal of Gastroenterology is an offi cial
publication of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology. This
peer-reviewed Journal is published bimonthly (January,
March, May, July, September, November), as a medium for
articles related to the digestive tract, liver and biliary tract
and their diseases.
The Journal is indexed by the National Informatics Center,
New Delhi, and indexed and abstracted by Excerpta Medica,
the Netherlands, and Index Medicus and Medline, USA.
The Journal is in agreement with instructions of the
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors for
manuscript preparation (www.icmje.org).
Editorials and Review Articles
will generally be by invitation.
Contributors who wish to submit uninvited reviews may
discuss details by e-mail with the editor prior to submission.
Authors should be working in and have published papers
in the area being reviewed and have suffi cient expertise to
critically evaluate the relevant literature. All reviews, invited
or uninvited, are subject to peer review.
should be less than 3000 words in length
and usually have up to 5 tables and fi gures taken together.
are shorter papers reporting original research
work in a maximum of 1500 words with 1–2 tables and/or
fi gures, and 12 or fewer references.
The Journal no longer publishes case snippets, though
occasional Case Reports that deal with well-studied
clinical problems that contribute to a better understanding
of pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of a condition,
and may provide material for further research may be
considered. These may not exceed 750 words, one Table
and one Figure.
is a column in which prospective or retrospective
data from a series of patients with a particular disease or
condition providing a new or interesting perspective, or
data highlighting interesting differences in the disease from
a particular geographical area may be reported. These may
contain up to 1500 words, and a maximum of 3 tables/
fi gures and 10 references.
Letters to the Editor
discussing material published recently
in the Journal, or reporting, short studies (up to 750 words
with a maximum of 1 Table or Figure and 10 references),
observations and opinions may be submitted. Images of
special interest may be submitted with an accompanying
250-word text and up to 2 references.
These articles (up to 5000
words) are edited transcripts of the discussion of a patient
(whose clinical details are provided) by a clinical discussant,
followed by the fi ndings at a defi nitive test (biopsy,
autopsy, confi rmatory serological test, etc.) discussed by a
pathologist. Appropriate radiological, histological and other
images should be included.
This should refer to a doctor working in India
or of Indian origin, related to digestive sciences, who
has left her/his mark on society or on the profession
and whose contributions need to be highlighted. A brief
sketch (up to 500 words) of the person’s personal and
professional life along with a photograph may be
Manuscripts are submitted to Indian Journal of
Gastroenterology online via Editorial Manager. This will
allow for quick and effi cient processing of your manuscript.
Please log directly at the Editorial Manager site at http://ijog.edmgr.com
and upload your manuscript fi les following
the instructions provided on the screen.
Please note: If you have already registered on Editorial
Manger, please use your provided username and password
and log in as ‘Author’ to track your manuscript or to submit
a ‘New’ manuscript. (Please do not register again as you
will then be unable to track your manuscript).
If you have not used Editorial Manager for the Journal,
please click the ‘Register’ button and enter the requested
information. Upon successful registration, you will receive
an e-mail with instructions to verify your registration.
If you have any questions or are unable to submit your
manuscript online via Editorial Manager, please contact the
editorial offi ce by e-mail at email@example.com.
Revised manuscripts should be submitted online using the
user ID and password.
All manuscripts submitted to the Journal will undergo
an initial screening to exclude articles that do not conform
to the Journal’s instructions, are outside the Journal’s scope,
or are much below its threshold. The manuscripts are usually
reviewed by two experts using a double-blind approach.
Additional statistical reviewer(s) may be used where
The Editorial Board reserves the right to revise or modify
articles to conform to the Journal’s style. The views
expressed in the articles will, however, remain the opinion
of the authors; the editorial board and the publishers accept
no responsibility for these.
Articles which do not strictly abide by the Instructions
mentioned here are likely to be rejected without further
After an article is published online, further changes can be
made only as an Erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the
article. Ethical violations may lead to a published retraction
of the printed article by the Journal.
Accepted manuscripts become the permanent property of
the Journal and may not be reproduced, in whole or in part,
without the written permission of the editor.
Conflict of interest and ethical standards
Conflict of interest
When an author or the institution of the author has a
relationship, fi nancial or otherwise, with individuals
or organizations that could infl uence the author’s
work inappropriately, a confl ict of interest may exist.
Examples of potential confl icts of interest may include but
are not limited to academic, personal, or political
relationships; employment; consultancies or honoraria; and
fi nancial connections such as stock ownership and funding.
Although an author may feel that there are no confl icts,
disclosure of relationships and interests that could be viewed
by others as confl icts of interest affords a more transparent
and prudent process. Therefore, all authors must disclose
any actual or potential confl ict of interest. The Journal
may publish such disclosures if judged to be important to
Ethical standards –Informed consent
Manuscripts containing the results of experimental studies
on human participants must disclose in the Methods section
whether informed consent was obtained from patients in
the study after the nature of the procedure had been fully
explained to them. If informed consent was waived by
institutional review board (IRB) for a study, that should be
stated. In addition, a statement affi rming approval of the
IRB should be included, if approved. The patient’s right to
privacy should not be infringed. Information that would
identify patients should not be published.
Ethical standards – Animal rights
Authors are advised to comply with the guidelines for the
care and use of laboratory animals as described by the U.S.
National Institutes of Health and to acknowledge their
compliance with these guidelines in the Methods section of
The title page should include:
• A concise and informative title
• Name(s) of author(s)
• Affi liation(s) and address(es) of the author(s)
• E-mail address, telephone and fax numbers of the
corresponding author. Telephone / fax numbers
should include country code and city code.
Please provide a structured abstract of up to 250 words which
should be divided into the following sections: Purpose/Aim
(stating the main purposes and research question), Methods,
Results, and Conclusion. Short reports and Case series
should have a nonstructured abstract of up to 150 words.
Reviews should have a nonstructured abstract of up to 250
The abstract should not contain any undefi ned abbreviations
or references. The fi rst time an abbreviated term is used, spell
it out in full and follow with the abbreviation in parentheses – for example: ultrasound (US).
Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for
Organize the text into an introductory section that conveys
the background and purpose of the report, and then into
sections titled “Materials and Methods,” “Results,” and
• Articles should be formatted as Rich Text
Format (.rtf) documents using Microsoft Word or
• Use 12-point Times Roman font for text.
• Use italics for emphasis.
• Use the page numbering function to number the
• Do not use fi eld functions.
• Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not
the space bar.
• Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make
• Use the equation editor or MathType for
• Do not insert figures in the text.
Note: If you use Word 2007, do not create the equations
with the default equation editor but use MathType instead.
Save your file in two formats: doc and rtf. The journal does
not accept docx files.
Heading levels, numbering
Please use no more than three levels of displayed headings.
Abbreviations and acronyms
Abbreviations should be defined at fi rst mention and used
Generic names of drugs and chemicals are preferred; if
trade names are used, the generic name should be given at
fi rst mention.
Please use the standard mathematical notation for formulae,
• Italic for single letters that denote mathematical
constants, variables, and unknown quantities.
• Roman/upright for numerals, operators, and
punctuation, and commonly defi ned functions or
abbreviations, e.g., cos, det, e or exp, lim, log,
max, min, sin, tan, d (for derivative)
• Bold for vectors, tensors, and matrices.
Acknowledgments to individuals (other than authors)
should be placed in a separate section before the reference
list. The acknowledged individuals should have extended
their direct help to the reported study. Names of funding
organizations should be written in full. Authors are advised
to obtain consent of those acknowledged.
• All tables should numbered using Arabic numerals.
• Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive
• For each table, please supply a table heading. The
table title should explain clearly and in brief all
components of the table.
• Identify any previously published material by
providing the original source in the form of a
reference at the end of the table heading.
• Footnotes to tables should be indicated by
superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for
signifi cance values and other statistical data) and
included beneath the table body.
• All figures should numbered using Arabic
• Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase
• Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive
• For each figure, please supply a fi gure caption.
• Make sure to identify all elements found in the
fi gure in the caption.
• Identify any previously published material by
giving the original source in the form of a reference
at the end of the caption.
• For further information about fi gures, please click
the link: artwork instructions.
• All submitted photographs should be in 300 dpi
and in TIFF format.
• All computer-generated graphs should be supplied
as EPS fi les, ensure that the lines used in the
graphs are at least 0.1 mm thick, with a minimum
resolution of 1200 dpi.
The list of References should only include works that are
cited in the text and that have been published or accepted
for publication. Personal communications and unpublished
works should only be mentioned as such in parentheses in
the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for
a reference list.
Citations in the text should be identifi ed by numbers in
superscript font, after the punctuation mark.
1. Negotiation research spans many disciplines.3
2. This result was later contradicted by Becker and
3. This effect has been widely studied.1-3, 7
Reference list entries should be numbered consecutively.
Please include the names of all authors if up to six; if the
number is more than 6, the fi rst three authors’ names should
be listed, followed by et al.
In references to journal articles, please include (1) surname
and initials (without periods) of the fi rst six authors, and if
the number is more than 6, please list the fi rst three authors’
names, followed by et al, (2) article title, (3) abbreviated
journal name, (4) year, (5) volume number, and (6) inclusive
page numbers, in that order. An example follows:
Pandey D, Chun TW, Kang HL, Tan KC. Living donor
liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma: A single
center experience. Indian J Gastroenterol 2008; 27:148–52
Vanbiervliet G, Dumas R, Demarquay JF, et al. Endoscopic
palliative treatment of malignant colorectal stenosis with
metallic stents: results in 41 patients. Acta Endoscopica
In references to books, please include (1) surname and
initials (without periods) of the fi rst three authors and et al
for all others, (2) chapter title, if any, (3) editor(s), if any,
(4) title of book, (5) city of publication, (6) publisher, (7) year, and (8) inclusive page numbers. Volume and edition
numbers, and name of translator should be included when
appropriate. Examples follow:
1. Gregersen, H. Biomechanics of the Gastrointestinal
Tract: New Perspectives in Motility Research and
Diagnostics Springer, 2003; pp 6–12.
2. Jones MC, Smith RB. Treatment of gastric cancer. In:
Ford TL (ed) Cancer of the Digestive System, Berlin,
Springer-Verlag, 1976; pp 140–54.
Article by DOI
Matsui H, Okamoto Y, Nabeshima K, et al. Endoscopyassisted
gastric resection: a safe and reliable procedure for
tumor clearance during laparoscopic high distal or proximal
gastrectomy Surgical Endoscopy; doi: 10.1007/s00464-
Doe J (1999) Title of subordinate document. In: The
dictionary of substances and their effects. Royal Society
of Chemistry. Available via DIALOG. http://www.rsc.org/
dose/title of subordinate document. Accessed 15 Jan 1999
Note: Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s
name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations,
Upon acceptance of an article, the text will be edited, typeset
and sent to the corresponding author for fi nal approval.
The fi nalized articles would be available at www.
springerlink.com and a PDF fi le would be provided to the
author for his/her academic use.
Reprints order and payment for reprints must be
placed at the time of approval of proofs. The Journal does
not supply any free reprints. For more information, please
visit the Journal website at http://www.springer.com
Publication of colour illustrations is free
Note: Correspondence related to publication and other
matters concerning the Journal should be addressed to the
Editor by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described
has not been published before; that it is not under consideration
for publication anywhere else; that its publication has
been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the
responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institution
where the work has been carried out. The Journal or the
publisher will not be held legally responsible should there
be any claims for compensation.
Authors wishing to include fi gures, tables, or text passages
that have already been published elsewhere are required
to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) and
to include evidence that such permission has been granted
when submitting their papers. Any material received without
such evidence will be assumed to originate from the
Authors will be asked to transfer copyright of the article
to the Society (or grant the Publisher exclusive publication
and dissemination rights). This will ensure the widest
possible protection and dissemination of information
under copyright laws. Authors should also state that they
have full control of all primary data and that they agree
to allow the journal to review their data if requested.
Therefore the manuscript must be accompanied by the
“Copyright Transfer Form”. This form can be obtained
received without the signed Authors’ Declaration will not